Southern Fire Ants

Solenopsis Xyloni
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What do Southern fire ants look like?

southern fire ants infesting mesa az property

Southern fire ant workers vary in size from 1/16 to 1/4 inch long.  Their mandibles have three teeth and they also have large eyes. Their bodies are yellowish to reddish with a mostly black abdomen. Yellow hairs also cover their bodies and they have a stinger that is prevalent.

Life cycle of Southern fire ants

Complete Metamorphosis

Queens lay a high number of eggs, over 1,000, in one day.  Hatching occurs in 14-30 days with development to the adult stage being achieved in as little as 44 days.  Colonies can reach up to 10,000 workers with multiple queens.

Habits of Southern fire ants

  • Diet: Omnivores. Meats, greases, butter, seeds, grains, fruits, plant base, nuts.
  • Activity: More active in the morning and early evening.
  • Preferred Climate: Warm weather.
  • Defense: Stings
  • Cautions: Painful stings.
  • Home Invasion: Like to be near moisture in the soil. Their nests are flattened with little to no mound and are typically 2-4 feet wide and shallow. They will have one to several openings in the nests. Inside a home, they can be found in a void, under carpets. They also will be found in wood piles.

Are Southern fire ants dangerous?

Southern fire ants are capable of inflicting painful stings. They are also known to damage property especially chewing through the plastic covering wires. 

Where do Southern fire ants nest?

Southern fire ants nest in soil near moist areas. 

Helpful hints for Southern fire ants

If you're already having problems with Southern fire ants in or around your home, contact the exterminators at Northwest Exterminating today. To prevent these ants from infesting your property, we recommend the following ant prevention tips:

Interesting facts about Southern fire ants

Native to southern parts of the United States, Southern fire ants act very similar to the red imported fire ant. 

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