Mining bees are 3/8 to 5/8 inch long. They excavate tunnels in the ground just like miners, hence the name. The entrance holes are typically small in diameter. These holes often have a small mound of dirt resembling a small ant hill. These furry bees range in color from dark brown, red to black, metallic green, to striped.
These solitary bees live singly in burrows in the ground, however large groups (aggregations) will sometimes live in same proximity due to the area being an ideal site to reside. Female mining bees collect pollen and nectar and stockpile it inside a burrow. She then deposits an egg on the food source for the larva to feed on once it hatches. The larva will then pupate then emerging into the adult stage. Over wintering occurs inside the burrows. These bees are active for a minimal amount of time usually no longer than 1-2 weeks.
The mining bee is one of the largest groups of solitary bees numbering over 1,300 known species worldwide.
Bee stings can produce different reactions, ranging from temporary pain and discomfort to a severe allergic reactions.
Mining bees nest in burrows in the ground.